What are the different professions of the beekeeper?


What are the different professions of the beekeeper?

Due to the clothing required to exercise it, and its importance in protecting bees , the profession of beekeeper intrigues and fascinates. It is a multiple job, which requires diverse and varied skills and knowledge. We tell you more about the many facets of the beekeeping profession.

Farmer / breeder

It is the main job of any beekeeper. Indeed, a beekeeper is above all a farmer since his role is to breed bees in order to harvest their honey . He must take care of their health while protecting them from natural predators such  as varroa that could attack them. He must also ensure that the bees live in good conditions. He must follow  the rhythm of the seasons and choose the location of the hives , so as not to disrupt the natural cycle of the bees. For this, the beekeeper has solid knowledge such as biology and the role of bees., the various pathologies from which they may suffer, the natural cycles of reproduction and production of honey … 

Chief Operating Officer 

Generally, a beekeeper is a self-entrepreneur, that is to say, he is self-employed as the head of operations in his colonies . To do this, it is therefore essential that the beekeeper has knowledge of management and accounting . Indeed, it is he who must manage his entire operation. He must ensure that the hives are in good condition (this can help if the beekeeper is a handyman). He is also responsible for managing the equipment, and making sure that he has everything necessary to harvest ( the frames ,  the honey extractor , the beekeeper suit…) and the sale of its products. The beekeeper must also calculate his need for a hive in order to achieve the yield he wants. 


Very often, the beekeeper sells the fruit of his harvest himself, whether on the market or directly on the farm . For those in charge of large farms, honey and other products can be intended for the cosmetic, pharmaceutical or agrifood industries . In any case, the beekeeper then dons the cap of the trader. It is therefore up to him to put the honey , and the products derived from the hive , in jars , in order to be able to sell them. 

As a trader, it is up to the beekeeper to find original ideas in order to sell his products. For example, he can develop all kinds of honey-based recipes . This will allow it to diversify its products , and attract a greater number of customers. 

As we have just seen, being a beekeeper is a complex job that requires having several hats. It is therefore important for the future beekeeper to be well trained in various fields such as management, accounting, sales … Thanks to his many skills, the beekeeper is able to manage his operation on his own, all along. of the production chain. It is an exciting job, closer to nature, which requires investment, both personal and financial. Obviously in addition to this knowledge the beekeeper must have certain qualities such as patience, love contact with nature … 

The products obtained from the beehive are generally known for their culinary virtues , they also have a significant contribution to human health. Apitherapy, which is medicine practiced from bee products , contains incredible riches.

Apitherapy is green and ecological medicine

Unlike current conventional medicine, apitherapy is environmentally friendly medicine . In the production of drugs of modern medicine, chemical residues are dumped in nature. Conversely, bees do not pollute during the manufacture of their products . On the contrary, they enrich the environment through pollination.

Beehive products effectively help with care 

Bees have a positive impact on the environment through pollination . Honey , which is the best-known bee product, acts as a grandmother’s remedy for certain ailments . Indeed, according to a study conducted by scientists at the University of Pennsylvania, children’s night cough could be effectively cured with honey. 

In addition, honey would be useful in treating chronic sinusitis according to scientists at the University of Ottawa in the United States. In its composition, it has an antimicrobial that eliminates bacteria causing several infections .

Apitherapy acts effectively in healing

The effectiveness of honey has been proven in the treatment of wounds. This is because when honey is applied to the wound, it plays a big role in rapid healing compared to some medical products . If this is made possible, it is because it is rich in glucose oxidase and sugar (see other virtues of honey ). These are transformed into hydrogen peroxide and organic compounds which facilitate healing. All types of honey are effective for wound healing, however the best suited for this task is thyme honey which is composed of thymol. This is an element with deworming and antiseptic properties.

Propolis  can also be used to act on the healing of wounds and skin irritations. This substance is made up of amino acids like arginine and proline. These act on the increase in the synthesis of collagen, which allows the repair of the epidermis. Propolis is also composed of ferulic acid and caffeic acid which make it an excellent antibacterial.

Bee products act in the treatment of rheumatism

Bee products like honey, bee venom, royal jelly, propolis, and beeswax are effective in relieving rheumatism, especially arthritis. This is possible because of the anti-inflammatory components found in these different products . Melittin is then found in bee venom which reduces joint pain, fights swollen joints as well as morning stiffness.

Royal jelly and propolis are made up of flavonoids, pinocembrin, and caffeic acid which act as pain relievers.

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